On October 12 the government that is armenian authorized a proposal to signal an understanding “between the us government of this Republic of Armenia additionally the federal Government associated with the Russian Federation to offer a situation export loan.” Armenia is to utilize the mortgage, which values 100 million US dollars, to shop for arms that are modern Russia.
Based on the contract, the mortgage is usually to be paid back over fifteen years (2023-2037) at a 3 percent rate of interest. Armenia should be able to utilize the loan through the duration 2018-2022.
Interestingly, this is actually the loan that is second of type Armenia has gotten from Russia since 2015. The loan that is previous for 200 million US dollars and had been utilized to shop for advanced Russian tools.
Although the brand new contract clarifies it does not provide a list of items to be purchased that it should be used for purchasing modern arms from Russia and with the purpose to further develop friendly relations between the two countries.
The specialist community differs with its opinion how the mortgage is supposed to be utilized, providing a range that is wide of. Most agree, nevertheless, that artillery, anti-tank tools, high-tech reconnaissance and interaction facilities, in addition to contemporary atmosphere protection systems will tend to be on Armenia’s grocery list.
The main question is why Armenia has sought a new loan now, given that the full amount of the previous loan has not yet spent (30 million US dollars remains unspent) from this perspective.
The ongoing arms competition between Azerbaijan and Armenia. In late June 2017 Azerbaijan announced the acquisition of the batch that is large of from Russia which, in accordance with officials in Baku, had been prepared to be utilized against Nagorno-Karabakh. Lower than per month later on the Armenian Minister of Finance Vardan Aramyan declared that Armenia is talking about a new loan contract to get Russian army equipment.
The approval associated with loan contract by the Armenian federal government took destination fleetingly ahead of the Armenian President Serzh Sargsyan came across their Azerbaijani counterpart Ilham Aliyev conference in Geneva on October 16. The timing of the announcement could be seen as a counterweight to Baku as the Azerbaijani side largely apply the principle of “use of force or threat of use of force” in negotiations with Armenia.
In accordance with some specialists the total amount of energy between Armenia and Azerbaijan had been restored through the earlier purchase of armed forces gear (into the framework associated with early in the day 200 million US buck loan). The further modernisation of Armenia’s military capabilities can be seen in the logic of further enforcement of Russia’s only military ally in the region, situated on the frontline of the continuously destabilising Middle East from this perspective.
Continuing the earlier concept, it really is notable that on September 23 Mr Sargsyan finalized a legislation to ratify the establishment of a Armenian-Russian joint group that is military. A militarily strong Armenia could be a necessary ally in times of global uncertainties in this context.
Lastly may be the “Chinese factor.” In September, Armenian Minister of Defense Vigen Sargsyan visited Asia and consented together with Chinese colleague to deepen army ties amongst the two nations. Because of the gradual increase of Asia, this loan could possibly be made to make sure that Armenia will not expand its army cooperation beyond current parametres.
As a result, the 100 million US buck loan to acquire contemporary hands ought to be seen as a multi-faceted mixture of numerous elements, as a balance of energy and local security into the Southern Caucasus, as counterweight to threats through the center East, plus the modernisation associated with Armenian army.
The more fierce the armaments race between Armenia and Azerbaijan, the more dangerous the situation, which could lead to the destabilisation not only of the South Caucasus, but of a much wider Eurasian region at the same time.
The views expressed in this opinion editorial will be the author’s own plus don’t fundamentally mirror growing Europe’s editorial policy.